Know well about non-comedogenic on cosmetic label
If you love makeup but are troubled by acne, you have probably used non-comedogenic cosmetics. These are cosmetic products known to improve the occurrence of comedones. To help you understand what this is all about, it is important to begin with the basics.
What are comedones?
- Comedo( plural: comedones) is synonym with acne
- Cosmetics with non-comedogenic label means they have effect anti-acne.
Comedones are small, dark or white bumps that give skin a rough texture and are normally caused by acne. Basically, there are two types of these lesions: open and closed comedones. Open comedones are dark because they have direct contact with the air. The exposure to air results in oxidization of the sebum giving them a dark appearance. On the other hand, closed comedones are white because a thin layer of cells on top blocks exposure to air preventing sebum oxidation. This results in clear or white bumps on the skin.
Comedones occur when cells lining the sebaceous duct secretes excess sebum or oil. Sebum combines with dead skin and bacteria. The cocktail accumulates in the hair follicles causing comedones.
Is Non-comedogenic on cosmetic label reliable?
Ideally, non-comedogenic cosmetic labels contain ingredients that do not clog your pores. While most of the products labeled as non-comedogenic are oil-free, not all types of oils clog your pores. This means that you can use makeup containing certain oils safely without running the risk of developing breakouts.
Though non-comedogenic products are great for people who experience breakouts, cosmetic companies often mislead people by making false claims about their products. Since these claims cannot be authenticated by reputable agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration or any other organization, it is important to know what to look for when searching for products that will not clog your pores. These ingredients include:
All-natural mineral is a good idea for sensitive skin
These are always ideal for sensitive skin, so if your skin tends to develop breakouts, products containing all-natural minerals are the way to go. Here they are:
- Chamomile flower extract: Products containing chamomile flower components have high levels of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds. These are great for creating a soft, smooth skin.
- Witch hazel extract: This is a natural compound that is great for preserving skin hydration
- Jojoba seed oil: Jojoba oil is a natural moisturizer that is non-pore clogging
- Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera has many benefits including moisturizing and soothing the skin
- Willow bark extract: Willow bark contains natural salicylic acid. This helps in exfoliating and declogging the skin
- John’s wort: St. John’s wort extract is packed with antioxidants which help to reduce inflammation
When choosing the right non-comedogenic product for your skin, you need to have some basic knowledge on how comedogenic ratings of beauty products are arrived at.
Basically, these ratings are derived from laboratory tests based on each of the ingredients in the product and filled on a scale of 1 (for completely non-comedogenic) to 5 (for severely comedogenic).
While various tests had been carried out for years, comedogenic ratings recognized in 1979 when Dr. Albert M. Kligman, a renowned dermatologist published his comedogenic tests and results. Kligman tested for comedogenicity by applying makeup substances on the inside of rabbit ears and checking if the skin developed comedones.
Initially, Dr. Kligman’s work was well-received as it shed light on secrets that cosmetic companies had concealed for years. However, with time, other companies started performing similar tests and adding various substances which raised serious doubts about the credibility of their tests and subsequent claims.
Undaunted, Dr. Kligman sought an alternative technique of testing comedogenicity. He tested products on prisoners by applying makeup on the upper back. Unfortunately, that study did not get very credible results since the skin at the back is different from facial skin. In addition, he was embroiled in lawsuits due to using humans for the tests.
Kligman concluded that rabbit ears are better at testing comedogenicity compared to human skin. His conclusions acknowledged the credibility of the study conducted using rabbit ears, unfortunately, these experiments do not reflect usage by humans in real-life situations.
Ultimately, the only true gauge available to humans on whether a beauty product is non-comedogenic or not depends on how your skin responds to it. Why? Because while one product may be safe for one person, it can easily trigger a break out in another person.